Watcher (Aramaic עִיר iyr, plural עִירִין iyrin, IPA ʕiːr(iːn); Theodotian trans: ir; from the root of Heb. `er, “awake, watchful”; Greek: ἐγρήγοροι, transl.: egrḗgoroi; Slav transliteration, Grigori, “Watchers”, “those who are awake”; “guard”, “watcher”) is a term used in connection with biblical angels.
The Watchers were a specific race of divine beings known in Hebrew as ‘nun resh ayin’ or ‘irin’ meaning ‘those who watch’ or ‘those who are awake’, which is translated into Greek as Egrhgoroi egregoris or grigori, meaning ‘watchers’.
The Watchers or the Keepers or the Guardians. They are known by many names in many traditions. Each of the ‘Watchers’ is responsible for their ‘area’ of the ritual circle. They are multi-faceted beings. Not only do they ‘watch’ your workings, they are the guardians of the Air of that specific direction, and they guard their portals between the Worlds. They are the intermediaries between Gods and humans. They believe that their actions within the ritual space are going to be viewed and ‘judged’ in a different way because they have gone through the initiation process and have bonded with the Watchers. The Watchers will not stop a working, we are each responsible for our actions. All workings are noted and we all need to think about what we do – before – we do it.In the teaching of various cultures, these entities are called by many names including:
- Conscious Thought Forms
- Creative Energies
- Hands of God
- Shining Ones
To some Strega they are known as the Grigori.
The Grigori (from Greek egrgoroi, “The Watchers”) are, in one popular version, a group of fallen angels described in Biblical apocrypha who mated with mortal women, giving rise to a race of hybrids known as the Nephilim, who are described as giants in Genesis 6:4. A different idea of the Grigori appears in some traditions of Italian witchcraft where the Grigori are said to come from ancient stellar lore. References to angelic Grigori appear in the books of Enoch and Jubilees. In Hebrew they are known as the Irin, “Watchers,” found mentioned in the Old Testament Book of Daniel (chapter 4).
According to the Book of Enoch, the Grigori numbered a total of 200 but only their leaders are named:
“These are the names of their chiefs: Samyaza, who was their leader, Urakabarameel, Akibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel, Saraknyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Anane, Zavebe, Samsaveel, Ertael, Turel, Yomyael, Azazyel (also known as Azazel). These were the prefects of the two hundred angels, and the remainders were all with them.”
In Enoch, the Watchers are angels apparently dispatched to Earth simply to watch over the people. They soon begin to lust for the human women they see, and at the prodding of their leader Samyaza, they defect en masse to marry and live among men. The children produced by these relationships are the Nephilim, savage giants who pillage the earth and endanger humanity. Samyaza, Azazel, and the others become corrupt, and teach their human hosts to make metal weapons, cosmetics, and other necessities of civilization that had been kept secret. But the people are dying and cry to the heavens for help. God sends the Great Flood to rid the earth of the Nephilim, but sends
Uriel to warn Noah so as not to eradicate the human race. The Grigori are bound “in the valleys of the Earth” until Judgment Day. (See Jude 1:6)
The Watchers story in Enoch is derived from Genesis chapter 6. Verses 1-4 describe the “Origin of the Nephilim” and mention the “Sons of God” who beget them: “When men began to multiply on earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of GOd saw how beautiful the daughters of man were, and so they took for their wives as many of them as they chose. Then the Lord said: “My spirit shall not remain in man forever, since he is but flesh. His days shall comprise one hundred and twenty years.” At that time the Nephilim appeared on earth (as well as later), after the sons of God had intercourse with the daughters of man, who bore them sons. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.” (Genesis 6:1-4)
Here, the “sons of God” are given no specific name or function; they could represent fallen angels, or simply heavenly beings that mate with women.
The Book of Jubilees adds further details about the Watchers. While “Watchers” or “Sentinels” are mentioned alongside the “holy ones” in the Book of Daniel, it is doubtful they have any connection to the Grigori. The angels were fairly popular in Jewish folklore, which often describes them as looking like large human beings that never sleep and remain forever silent. While there are good and bad Watchers, most stories revolve around the evil ones that fell from grace when they took “the daughters of man” as their mates.
In the early stellar cults of Mesopotamia there were four “royal” Stars (known as Lords) which were called the Watchers. Each one of these stars “ruled” over one of the four cardinal points common to Astrology.
This particular system would date from approximately 3000 BC. The star Aldebaran, when it marked the Vernal Equinox, held the position of Watcher of the East. Regulus, marking the Summer Solstice, was Watcher of the South. Antares, marking the Autumn Equinox, was Watcher of the West. Fomalhaut, marking the Winter Solstice, was Watcher of the North. In the star myths the Watchers themselves were depicted as gods who guarded the Heavens and the Earth. Their nature, as well as their “rank”, was altered by the successive lunar and solar cults that replaced the older stellar cults.
Eventually the Greeks reduced the Watchers to the gods of the four winds.
Earlier mystical Hebrew sects organized the Watchers into an Archangel hierarchy. According to this system the Watchers were ruled over by four great Watchers known as Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, and Auriel. In the Old Testament (Daniel 4: 13 17) there is reference made to the Irin, or Watchers, which appear to be an order of angels. In early Hebrew lore the Irin were a high order of angels that sat on the supreme Judgment Council of the Heavenly Court. In the Apocryphal Books of Enoch and Jubilees, the Watchers were sent to Earth to teach law and justice to humankind. The most common associations found in various texts on Medieval magic regarding the Watchers are as follows:
- Araqiel: taught the signs of the earth. 2. Armaros: taught the resolving of enchantments. 3. Azazel: taught the making of weapons of war. 4. Barqel: taught astrology. 5. Ezequeel: taught the knowledge of the clouds. 6. Gadreel: taught the art of cosmetics. 7. Kokabeel: taught the mystery of the Stars. 8. Penemue: taught writing.
- Sariel: taught the knowledge of the Moon. 10. Semjaza: taught Herbal enchantments. 11. Shamshiel: taught the signs of the Sun.
It is these same angels who are referred to as the Sons of God in the Book of Genesis. According to Christian belief their sins filled the Earth with violence and the world was destroyed as a result of their intervention. Richard Cavendish, in his book The Powers of Evil, makes references to the possibilities of the Giants mentioned in Genesis 6:4, being the Giants or Titans of Greek Mythology. He also lists the Watchers as the fallen angels which magicians call forth in ceremonial magic. Cavendish mentions that the Watchers were so named because they were stars, the “eyes of night.”
Christian theologians joined the Watchers to an evil class of fallen angels known as the principalities of the air. St. Paul, in the New Testament, calls the Fallen Angels “principalities”: “for we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers…against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in High Places”. It was also St. Paul who called Satan “The prince of power of the air”, and thus made the connection of Satan (himself connected to “a star”, Isiah 14: 12 14) and etheric beings, for they were later known as demons and as principalities of the Air.
This theme was later developed by a French theologian of the 16th Century, named Sinistrari, who spoke of beings existing between Humans and Angels. He called them demons and associated them with the Elemental natures of Earth, Air, Fire and Water. This, however, was not a new concept but was taught by certain Gnostic sects in the early days of Christianity. Clement of Alexandria, influenced by Hellenistic cosmology, attributed the movement of the Stars and the control of the four elements to angelic beings. Sinistrari attributed bodies of fire, air, earth, and water to these Beings, and concluded that the Watchers were made of fire and air. Cardinal Newman, writing in the mid-1800s, proposed that certain angels existed who were neither totally good nor evil, and had only “partially fallen” from the Heavens.
In some Witchcraft and Wiccan systems the Watchers are beings who guard portals that link worlds together. Within such systems they are viewed as a spiritual race, a set of deities, or as spirits of the four elements. The Watchers are associated with the four quarters of north, east, south, and west. In some Traditions the Watchers are associated with the four elements of earth, air, fire, and water. They are also linked to each solstice and equinox, as well as to a specific star.
In Charles Leland’s book Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches, he recounts the tale of “The Children of Diana, or how the fairies were born” in which it is stated that Diana created “the great spirits of the stars”. In another legend titled “How Diana made the Stars and the Rain” Leland writes that Diana went “to the fathers of the Beginning, to the mothers, the spirits who were before the first spirit”. Some Italian witches believe that the Grigori (Watchers) are such an ancient race and this reference may well speak of them.
Over half a century following Leland’s works, Gerald Gardner wrote of the Watchers and their connection to Wicca. In Wiccan religion the Watchers are evoked at quarterly “Watchtowers” to guard and witness the rites performed before them. In some Traditions each new initiate is taken to the four quarters and formally introduced to each of the Watchers. The Watchers are known by many names including the Old Ones and the Dread Lords of the Outer Spaces.
In many Witchcraft/Wiccan traditions the Watchers are not only the guardians of the portals to other realms, but also protectors of the magic circle, and witnesses to rites. Each of the ruling Watchers oversees a Watchtower, which is now a portal marking one of the four quarters of the ritual circle. In Ancient times a “Tower” was a military fighting unit, and a “Watchtower” was a defending home unit, similar to a National Guard.
Partial List of Grigori and Their Sources
- Armaros (also Amaros) in Enoch I taught men the resolving of enchantments.
- Araqiel (also Arakiel, Araqael, Araciel, Arqael, Sarquael, Arkiel, Arkas) in Enoch I taught humans the signs of the earth. However, in the Sibylline Oracles, Araqiel is referred to not as a fallen angel, or Grigori, but as one of the 5 angels who lead the souls of men to judgement, the other 4 being Ramiel, Uriel, Samiel, and Aziel.
- Azazel in I Enoch taught men to make knives, swords, shields, and how to devise ornaments and cosmetics.
- Baraqel (Baraqiel) taught men astrology (from Enoch I).
- Chazaqiel taught men the signs of the clouds (meteorology) in Enoch I.
- Kokabiel (also Kakabel, Kochbiel, Kokbiel, Kabaiel, and Kochab), in The Book of the Angel Raziel, is a high-ranking, holy angel but, in general apocryphal lore and also in Enoch I, he is a fallen Grigori, resident of nether realms, and commands 365,000 surrogate spirits to do his bidding. Among other duties, he instructs his fellows in astrology.
- Penemue in I Enoch 69.8 “taught mankind the art of writing with ink and paper,” and taught “the children of men the bitter and the sweet and the secrets of wisdom.”
- Sariel (also Suriel, Zerachiel, and Sarakiel) is one of the 7 archangels originally listed in the Enoch books as Saraqel. Apocryphally, he is the governor of the zodiacal sign of Aries. In the Enoch books, he also teaches of the courses of the moon (at one time regarded as forbidden knowledge).
- Samyaza (also Shemyazaz, Shamazya, Semiaza, Shemhazi, Semyaza and Amezyarak) is one of the leaders of the fall from heaven and is referred to in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Vocabulaire de l’ Angelologie.
- Shamsiel, once a guardian of Eden, in the Zohar, served as one of the 2 chief aides to the Archangel Uriel (the other aide being Hasdiel) when Uriel bore his standard into battle, and is the head of 365 legions of angels and also crowns prayers, accompanying them to the 5th heaven. He is referred to in Jubilees as one of the Grigori. In I Enoch he is a fallen angel who teaches the signs of the sun.
Summary: Angels Who Taught Humans from 1 Enoch. Some translations vary so two tables are presented below:
Translation 1 Translation 2 Teaching
Azazel Azazyel Swords Knives Shields Breastplates Metals & Metalwork
Bracelets-Cosmetics Precious Stones Colouring and
Semjaza Amazarak Enchantments & Root-cutting
Armaros Armers Enchantments & Sorcery
Baraqijal Barkayal Astrology
Kokabel Akibeel Constellations
Araqiel Signs of the Earth
Shamsiel Tamiel Signs of the Sun
Sariel Asaradel Course of the Moon
The word “egregore” (also “grigori”) is a transliteration of the Greek word, egregoroi, meaning “watchers”. This word appears in the septuagint translation of the Book of Lamentations, as well as the Book of Jubilees and the Book of Enoch.
Therefore an egregore is an angel, sometimes called watcher; in Hebrew the word is ir, and the concept appears in The Book of Enoch. Thus, Irim, the city of the Nephilim is again linked with the Book of Enoch, since the Nephilim, according to that Book, were the sons of the Irim (the egregores.). .Although the Irim, the egregores, are angels on both sides of the camp – fallen angels as well as faithful ones.
And because the king saw a watcher, a holy one, coming down from heaven and saying, ‘Chop down the tree and destroy it, but leave the stump of its roots in the earth, bound with a band of iron and bronze, in the tender grass of the field, and let him be wet with the dew of heaven, and let his portion be with the beasts of the field, till seven periods of time pass over him,’ this is the interpretation, O king: It is a decree of the Most High, which has come upon my lord the king, that you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. You shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and you shall be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, till you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to which he will.”
When men began to increase on earth and daughters were born to them, the divine beings saw how beautiful the daughters of men were and took wives from among those that pleased them. The LORD said, ‘My breath shall not abide in man forever, since he too is flesh; let the days allowed him be one hundred and twenty years.’ It was then, and later too, that the Nephilim appeared on earth – when the divine beings cohabited with the daughters of men, who bore them offspring. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.” This is the only account of the watchers in the Bible. Isaiah 14:12-15 talks of the fall of the “day-star, son of morning,” which implies that there was a revolt, and the “day-star” was cast into the abyss, but this may be a reference to early Canaanite or Phoenician myths.
The Psalm 82 refers to the fallen angels. While Genesis 6 tells that angels married women, it does not condemn this as a sin. Psalm 82 tells that the elohim sinned, but does not tell how (i.e. it does not mention that they married women).
Some rabbis have speculated that the angels’ sin was to reproduce. Certain passages in Jewish Midrashtalk of how angels are immortal and do not need to reproduce. Since humans are not, they must reproduce in order to achieve immortality in their descendents.
This is a passage from Jewish midrash in which Hannah is praying for a child at Shiloh: “Lord of the Universe! The celestials never die, and they do not reproduce their kind. Terrestrial beings die, but they are fruitful and multiply. Therefore I pray: Either make me immortal, or give me a son!”
A different interpretation of this passage concerning the sin of the angels was that they revolted against God, and because of this, they were cast down. Apocrypal texts give more complete accounts of the fall of the angels.1 Enoch gives an account of the fall of the Angels from heaven. Chapter 6 talks of how the angels saw and lusted after the daughters of men. “In those days, when the children of man had multiplied, it happened that there were born unto them handsome and beautiful daughters. And the angels, the children of heaven , saw them and desired them; and they said to one another, ‘Come, let us choose wives for ourselves from among the daughters of man and beget us children.’ And Semyaz, being their leader, said unto them,’I fear that perhaps you will not consent that this deed should be done, and I alone will become (responsible) for this great sin.’ But they all responded to him, ‘Let us all swear an oath and bind everyone among us by a curse not to abandon this suggestion but to do the deed.’ Then they all swore together and bound one another by (the curse) And they were altogether two hundred;”
Enoch 6:1-7 the angels descended on Mount Hermon during the days of Jared. There were 19 leaders mentioned in 1 Enoch, who were also called ‘the chiefs of ten.’ Once they reached the earth: “they took wives unto themselves, and everyone (respectively) chose one woman for himself, and they began to go unto them. And they taught them magical medicine, incantations, the cutting of roots, and taught them (about) plants. And the women became pregnant and gave birth to great giants whose heights were three hundred cubits.
These (giants) consumed the produce of all the people until the people detested feeding them. So the giants turned against (the people) in order to eat them.” – 1 Enoch 7:1-5
The Angels then taught women charms, enchantments, the cutting of roots, and the knowledge of plants. They taught men how to make various weapons and armor, and also arts and sciences. These acts led to an increase in lawlessness and warfare. The men of earth then cried out to heaven, and the 4 archangels (Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel) cried out to God. In response, God sent Uriel to warn Noah that there would soon be a flood that would destroy the wickedness on earth.
Raphael was commanded to bind Azazel hand and foot, and to cast him into the a hole in the desert (Duda’el) that the Lord had made. Raphael threw rugged and sharp rocks and covered Azazel’s face so that he would not see light. Michael was commanded to bound Semyaza and his associates in the valleys of the earth. They will remain there until the day of judgment when he will be cast into the fire.
The race of giants produced from this union gave way to a brood of evil spirits. The evil spirits most likely are the departed spirits of the giants, themselves. These spirits are not material or corporeal beings, but they torment mankind because they have proceeded from them. According to 1 Enoch, these spirits will not be punished until the Day of Judgment, in contrast to the Watchers, who are punished both before and on the Day of Judgment. “But now the giants who are born from the (union of) the spirits and the flesh shall be called evil spirits upon the earth, because their dwelling shall be upon the earth and inside the earth. Evil spirits have come out of their bodies. Because from the day that they were created from the holy ones they became the Watchers; their first origin is the spiritual foundation. They will become evil upon the earth and shall be called evil spirits. The dwelling of the spiritual beings of heaven is heaven; but the dwelling of the spirits of the earth, which are born upon the earth, is in the earth. The spirits of the giants oppress each other, they will corrupt, fall, be excited, and fall upon the earth, and cause sorrow. They eat no food, nor become thirsty, nor find obstacles. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of the people and against the women, because they have proceeded forth (from them).
1 Enoch 19 also gives a variation to the origin of demons. It implies that demons were already in existence during the time of the fall of the angels. According to 1 Enoch 10-16, the demons are the spirits which go forth from these angels.
“Here shall stand in many different appearances the spirits of the angels which have united themselves with women. They have defiled the people and will lead them into error so that they will offer sacrifices to the demons as unto gods, until the great day of judgment in which they shall be judged till they are finished.” – 1 Enoch 19:1
1 Enoch 85-90 gives a similar account of the fall of the angels. In these passages, a star (either Semjaza or Azazel) fell from heaven and began to pasture among the oxen (mankind). A number of stars then fell and were transformed into bulls. They began to cover the cows (the angels married mortal women), who then gave birth to elephants, camels, and asses (the giants). The oxen then became restless and began to fight, but they became prey to the wild beasts. The archangels then appear in the disguise of men. One seizes the first of the fallen stars and casts it into the abyss. A second gives the elephants, camels, and asses a sword so that they will slay each other. A third archangel stones the other fallen stars and casts them into the gulf. The story then goes on to describe the Maccabean revolt, which leads to a description of the final struggle between good and evil.
It seems that there is a threefold aspect to the sin of the Watchers in these accounts. First, it was a defilement of the essence of the angels to marry and engage in sexual acts with human women. Second, these unions between the angels and mortal women were considered evil, themselves. Because of the Nephilim and and evil created by these unions, God caused the great Flood of Noah’s time. Finally, the angels sinned because they taught humanity and revealing the secrets of the natural universe which God did not intend for man to know.
Book of Jubilees gives another account of how the Watchers fell that is similar to 1 Enoch. It explains that the Watchers originally descended to the earth to teach mankind and do what is just, but they ‘sinned with the daughters of men because these had begun to mix with earthly women so that they became defiled.’
Malalael “named [his son] Jared because during his lifetime the angels of the Lord who were called Watchers descended to earth to teach mankind and to do what is just and upright upon the earth” Jubilees also says that they were sent by God, Himself.
“Against his angels whom he had sent to the earth he was angry enough to uproot them from all their (positions of) authority” Jubilees tells an account of the fall of the angels similar to that of 1 Enoch. God was displeased with the angels because of their lust for the daughters of men. The union of the angels and women is said to be the Nephilim.
“For it was on account of these three things [fornication, uncleanness, and injustice – see Jubilees 7:20] that the flood was on the earth, since (it was) due to fornication that the Watchers had illicit intercourse – apart from the mandate of their authority – with women. When they married of them whomever they chose they committed the first (acts) of uncleanness. They fathered (as their) sons the Nephilim.
In Jubilees, Mastema is the chief of the spirits. As God commanded the angels to bind all the evil spirits, Mastema came and asked the Lord that some of the spirits might be allowed to remain with him to do his will. God granted his request and allowed one tenth of the spirits to remain with Mastema, while the other nine parts would be condemned.
“When Mastema, the leader of the spirits, came, he said: ‘Lord creator, leave some of them before me; let them listen to me and do everything that I tell them, because if none of them is left for me I shall not be able to exercise the authority of my will among mankind. For they are meant for destroying and misleading, before my punishment because the evil of mankind is great.’ Then he said that a tenth of them should be left before him, while he would make nine parts descend to the place of judgment.” –
2 Enoch also mentions a group of angels called the Grigori, who are similar to the Watchers. Their prince is called Satanail. A difference in this account as compared with the two previous accounts is that only 3 angels came down to earth to take wives and beget giants.
“These are the Grigori, who with their prince Satanail rejected the Lord of light, and after them are those who are held in great darkness on the second heaven, and three of them went down on earth to the place Ermon, and broke through their vows on the shoulder of the hill Ermon and saw the daughters of men how good they are, and took to themselves wives, and befouled the earth with their deeds, who in all times of their age made lawlessness and mixing, and giants are born and marvellous big men and great enmity. And therefore God judged them with great judgment, and they weep for their brethren and they will be punished on the Lord’s great day.”
In the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, the fall of the angels is mentioned twice. One is only a brief reference stating that the Watchers “changed the order of their nature.” The second is in Reuben, where he accuses womankind of seeking to ensnare men.
“Thus they allured the Watchers before the Flood, for as these continually beheld them, they lusted after them and conceived the act in their mind; for they changed themselves unto the shape of men and appeared to them when they were with their husbands; and the women, lusting in their minds after their forms, gave birth to giants, for the Watchers appeared to them as reaching up to heaven.”
In this account, the writer denies that there was a physical union between the angels and mortal women. He says that the real fathers of the giants were humans, but the giants were conceived from the mutual passion from angels and women.
Flavius Josephus,a Palestinian, wrote his Antiquities of the Jews to educate the Roman-Hellenistic world about Judaism and the Jews. In it, he recounts the tale of the Watchers as follows: For many angels of God accompanied with women, and begat sons that proved unjust, and despises of all that was good, on account of the confidence they had in their own strength; for the tradition is, that these men did what resembled the acts of those whom the Grecians call giants. But Noah was very uneasy at what they did; and being displeased at their conduct, persuaded them to change their dispositions and their acts for the better: but seeing they did not yield to him, but were slaves to their wicked pleasures, he was afraid they would kill him, together with his wife and children, and those they had married; so he departed out of that land.
According to Josephus, the union between the fallen angels and human women produced a race of giants, which in antiquity were called Nephilim.
Philo of Alexandria (20 B.C.E.-50 C.E.) wrote a commentary of Genesis 6 called Concerning the Giants. In it, he emphasized that the passage was not a myth.
“And when the angels of God saw the daughters of men that they were beautiful, they took unto themselves wives of all of them whom they Chose. Those beings, whom other philosophers call demons, Moses usually calls angels; and they are souls hovering in the air. And let no one suppose, that what is here stated is a fable, for it is necessarily true that the universe must be filled with living things in all its parts, since every one of its primary and elementary portions contains its appropriate animals and such as are consistent with its nature; –the earth containing terrestrial animals, the sea and the rivers containing aquatic animals, and the fire such as are born in the fire (but it is said, that such as these last are found chiefly in Macedonia), and the heaven containing the stars: for these also are entire souls pervading the universe, being unadulterated and divine, inasmuch as they move in a circle, which is the kind of motion most akin to the mind, for every one of them is the parent mind. It is therefore necessary that the air also should be full of living beings. And these beings are invisible to us, inasmuch as the air itself is not visible to mortal sight. (But it does not follow, because our sight is incapable of perceiving the forms of souls, that for that reason there are no souls in the air; but it follows of necessity that they must be comprehended by the mind, in order that like may be contemplated by like.
Names and Misdeeds of the Fallen Angels (aka the Five Satans) in 1 Enoch 69:4-12. (1 Enoch gives other lists of the names of the fallen angels as well.) This passage is odd because it mentions angels that are not mentioned elsewhere.
- Yeqon– “one who misled all the children of the angels, brought them down upon the earth, and perverted them by the daughters of the people”
- Asb’el– “one who gave the children of the holy angels an evil counsel and misled them so that they would defile their bodies by the daughters of the people”
- Gader’el– “he who showed the children of the people all the blows of death, who misled Eve, who showed the children of the people (how to make) the instruments of death (such as) the shield, the breastplate, and the sword for warfare, and all (the other) instruments of death to the children of the people”
- Pinem’e– “demonstrated to the children of the people the bitter and the sweet and revealed to them all the secrets of their wisdom. Furthermore he caused the people to penetrate (the secret of) writing and (the use of) ink and paper”
- Kasadya– “he who revealed to the children of the people (the various) flagellations of all evil – (the flagellation) of the souls and the demons, the smashing of the embryo in the womb so that it may be crushed, the flagellation of the soul, snake bites, sunstrokes, the son of the serpent, whose name is Taba’ta”
Names of other fallen angels – Semyaz, Aristaqis, Armen, Kokba’el, Tur’el, Rumyal, Danyul, Neqa’el, Baraqel, Azaz’el, Armaros, Betryal, Basas’el, Hanan’el, Tur’el, Sipwese’el, Yeter’el, Tuma’el, Tur’el, Rum’el, and Azaz’el – 1 Enoch 69:2
According to Enoch, (Enoch 1 see note below) the angels known as Watchers, ( Click here for more) taught early humans a number of skills. These were as follows.
The Chief Watcher: Azazel – The making of swords, knives, shields and breastplates. All manner of working with metals and metalwork. This included the making of bracelets and ornaments.
The secrets of precious stones, coloring and tinctures and antimony eye-cosmetics.
Araqiel – (AKA: Arakiel, Araqael, Araciel, Arqael, Sarquael, Arkiel and Arkas.) – The signs of the Earth .
Armaros – (AKA: Amaros) – Taught enchantments and sorcery.
Baraqijal – (AKA: Baraqel) – Taught astrology.
Ezequee – (AKA: Chazaqiel) – Taught the secrets of clouds and meteorology .
Kokabiel – (AKA: Kokabel, Kakabel, Kochbiel, Kokbiel, Kabaiel, and Kochab) – Taught the knowledge of constellations .
Penemue – The art of writing with ink and paper.
Sariel – (AKA: Samayaza, Saraqel, Suriel, Zerachiel, and Sarakiel).- The course of the Moon.
Semjaza – (AKA: Shemyazaz, Shamazya, Semiaza, Shemhazi, Semyaza and Amezyarak) – Taught the secrets of enchantments & root-cutting.
Shamsiel – Taught the signs of the Sun.
Other Watchers are also mentioned in the various texts:
The Leader – Samiazaz of:
Chiefs of 10: – These are the Angelic Leaders who lead the 200 angels to choose human wives.
The Book of Enoch is any of several works that attribute themselves to Enoch. The Book of Enoch refers usually to 1 Enoch, translated from the Ethiopic language by G.H Schodde (1882). Enoch 2 from Old Slavonic and translated by R. H. Charles (1896). And finally Enoch 3 currently only survives in Hebrew only and dates back to circa the 5th or 6th Century.
Throughout history, the idea of ‘The Watchers’ have been found in,
Sumerian texts repeatedly state that the Anunnaki came to Earth.
The Anunnaki were four great Gods who created man:
- An – ‘Sky’, the source of rain and most powerful of the gods
- Enlil – ‘Lord Wind’, the power in ‘Growing Weather’
- Ninhursaga – ‘Lady of the Stony Ground’, mother of wildlife
- Enki – rival of Ninhursaga
The term ‘Anunnaki’ literally means ‘from or of the sky.’
The Anunnaki are regarded by some as the Sumerian ‘fates’. They are spoken of in the Bible as the ‘Anakim’ and ‘Anak’ or ‘Nefilim’ (nephilum). ‘Nefilim’ (nephilum) in Hebrew means ‘giants‘ or ‘those who have fallen‘.
To the Egyptians, the Watchers are,
The Egyptians wrote they came to Egypt from Ta-Ur, the ‘Far/Foreign Land’. The Egyptian term ‘Neteru’ means ‘guardians’.
The Watchers were a specific race of divine beings known in Hebrew as ‘nun resh ayin’ or ‘irin’ meaning ‘those who watch’ or ‘those who are awake’, which is translated into Greek as Egrhgoroi egregoris or grigori, meaning ‘watchers’.
The early books of the Bible speak of some vague heavenly beings called malochim (singular, malach). Although malach is usually translated ‘angel‘, its literal meaning is ‘messenger.’
As recounted in the Dead Sea Scrolls:’…..In the days of Jared’, two hundred Watchers ‘descended’ on ‘Ardis’, the summit of Mount Hermon – a mythical location equated with the triple peak of Jebel esh Sheikh (9,200 feet), placed in the most northerly region of ancient Palestine.
On this mountain the Watchers swear an oath and bind themselves by ‘mutual imprecations’, apparently knowing full well the consequences their actions will have both for themselves and for humanity as a whole.
It is a pact commemorated in the name given to the place of their ‘fall’, for in Hebrew the word Hermon, or harem, translates as ‘curse”. ‘In time, each of the 200 took an earthly spouse.
These unions produced children of extraordinary size, who quickly devoured the world’s food.
To satisfy their enormous appetites, the angel-children roamed the earth, slaughtering every species of bird, beast, reptile and fish. Finally, the ravenous creatures turned on one another, stripping flesh from the bones of their fellows and slaking their thirst in rivers of blood.
As this wave of destruction washed over the earth, the anguished cries of humankind reached four powerful Archangels – Uriel, Raphael, Gabriel, and Michael – who upon orders from God enacted a swift retribution.
- First Uriel descended to earth to warn Noah of a coming deluge, advising him to prepare an ark to carry his family and a menagerie of creatures to safety.
- Raphael then fell upon the leader of the Watchers (called Shemyaza), bound him hand and foot, and thrust him into eternal darkness.
- Next, Gabriel charged with slaying the dissenters’ offspring, encouraged the monstrous angel-children to fight one another.
- Finally, Michael trussed up the remaining Watchers, forced them to witness the deaths of their progeny, and condemned them to eternal torment.
Only then did the heavens open up and wash away the last traces of the destruction that the fallen angels had wrought.’
The Watchers are also portrayed as a high order of Angels (Archangels), known as Grigori or Irin.
The Book of Enoch (which is NOT part of the Hebrew or Christian Bible) says that God had sent a legion of angels to earth in order to watch over and subtlety assist man during the beginning of civilization. However, as Enoch tells us, these angels were not well suited for the task.
They taught man forbidden sciences such as herb craft, astrology, divination and sorcery.
For clarification, I offer the following information. The theme of the Book of Enoch dealing with the nature and deeds of the fallen angels so infuriated the later Church fathers that one, Filastrius, actually condemned it openly as heresy.
So the book was denounced, banned, cursed, no doubt burned and shredded and last but not least, lost (and conveniently forgotten) for a thousand years.
But with an uncanny persistence, the Book of Enoch found its way back into circulation two centuries ago. In 1773, rumors of a surviving copy of the book drew Scottish explorer James Bruce to distant Ethiopia.
True to hearsay, the Book of Enoch had been preserved by the Ethiopic Church, which put it right alongside the other books of the Bible. Bruce secured not one, but three Ethiopic copies of the book and brought them back to Europe and Britain.
When in 1821 Dr. Richard Laurence, a Hebrew professor at Oxford, produced the first English translation of the work, the modern world gained its first glimpse of the forbidden mysteries of Enoch.
Many Catholic Pagans or Christian Pagans utilize the ‘angels’ as the Watchers.
- Archangel Michael is called from the North
- Archangel Gabriel is called from the West
- Archangel Ariel/Uriel (angel of wishes and willpower) is called from the North or East
- Archangel Raphael is called from the South
Originally there were 4 royal stars and they were called the Watchers.
Each of these stars ruled over one of the 4 cardinal points.
North – Formalhaut – who marked Winter Solstice
South – Regulus – who marked Summer Solstice
East – Aldebaran – who marked the Spring Equinox
West – Antares – who marked Autumn Equinox
- Formalhaut (Arabic for ‘mouth of the fish’), is one of the southernmost bright, first-magnitude stars visible to northern latitudes. It can be found in the constellation Piscis, and is the 17th brightest star.
- Antares is found in the constellation Scorpius, and is the 14th brightest star. Antares is the heart of the Scorpion. Antares gets its name from the ancient Greeks. It means ‘anti-Ares’. Ares is, of course, the Greek god of War who is also called Mars by the Romans.
- Aldebaran is found in the constellation Taurus, and is the 13th brightest star. Aldebaran is the red eye of the Bull.
- Regulus is found in the constellation Leonis, and is the 21st brightest star. Regulus in Latin means ‘royalty’, ‘prince’ or ‘little king’, and is the brightest star in Leo. Prior to Copernicus, who gave it its name, it was called Cor Leonis, the heart of the Lion.
The Persians saw this star as the Watcher in the North and linked the star to their mythical king Feridun who once, in their mythology, ruled the entire known world.
NORTH – Earth
- Known by these names: Aquilo, Boreas, Pala, Taga (tah-gah) and Tago (tah-go).
- The Guardian of Earth is the one who ‘grounds’ us best
- Pala translates in Italian to – shovel
EAST – Air
- Known by these names: Alpena (al-pay-nah), Eurus, Vulturnus, Bellaria and Bellarie
- The Guardian of Air seems to be the most elusive of all the Winds. It can come and go as it pleases, change at whim, it may produce a calming effect or hurricane gales
SOUTH – Fire
- Known by these names: Auster, Notus, Settiano (sey-tee-ah-no) and Settrano (say-trah-no)
- The Guardian of Fire can also be elusive. The flames can jump and dance or they can blow one way or another.
WEST – Water
- Known by these names: Favonius, Manii, Maniae, Meana (may-ah-nah), and Zephyrus
- The Guardian of Water is a gentle and benevolent force who brings the mild, wet spring weather